At midnight on Friday — 1,317 days after British voters decided to go away the ecu Union — Brexit finally happened . So what changed?
So far, not much. Daily business between the uk and therefore the EU will continue as before during an 11-month transition until the top of the year.
This will allow London and Brussels to barter new arrangements to guide future relations, but within the meantime there are some practical changes.
The uk has left the EU and therefore the union has lost one among its largest and richest states, the primary ever to quit the project.
The EU has therefore lost 66 million inhabitants — leaving it with a population of around 446 million — along side 5.5 percent of its land mass.
Britain has officially left the ecu Union – a choice that was voted for by quite 17 million people in June 2016. Pro and anti-Brexit parties were persisted the historic night of January 31 2020.
If Britain ever does decide it wants back in, then this may be a matter for EU accession procedures as for any outside applicant.
In Brussels, the lowering of the Union Jack outside the ecu Parliament symbolised a concrete change: Britain is out of the union and a “third country”.
It has no MEPs, the 73 Brits elected in May have left. 46 of the seats are going to be kept for future EU members and 27 distributed among under-represented countries.
Britain not has got to nominate a top official to the ecu Commission, although London did not do so last year and its seat is already vacant.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson will not be invited to summits of the ecu Council of leaders, and ministers not attend EU council meetings.
As non-EU citizens, Brits aren’t eligible for senior bureaucratic posts in Brussels, but many have already secured dual nationality and residence rights.
More junior officials whose careers began before Brexit will stay in post.
Britain will, however, still pay into the EU budget because the second largest net contributor after Germany until the top of the transition.
According to the United Nations , around 1.2 million British citizens sleep in other EU countries, mainly in Spain, Ireland, France, Germany and Italy.
And consistent with the united kingdom stats office, another 2.9 million citizens of other EU countries sleep in Britain, around 4.6 percent of the population.
Under the withdrawal agreement signed by each side , both sets of expatriates retain the rights that they had before Brexit to figure and reside in their host country.
But Britons in Europe and EU citizens within the UK may need to register with the authorities and individual member states will found out procedures of their own.
Free movement will apply until the top of the transition. Afterwards, the withdrawal treaty says EU nationals are going to be ready to stay within the UK if they still work.
The UK government has said it intends to finish “freedom of movement” for future EU arrivals, and precise details of reciprocal rights are going to be negotiated after Brexit.
Britain has, of course, already spent years negotiating with European Commission official Michel Barnier’s Brexit task force on the terms of its departure.
But these negotiations changed after Friday, when the “Article 50” procedure within the European Treaty expires and therefore the UK becomes a 3rd country.
The UK nevertheless remains subject to EU law and therefore the European Court of Justice until the top of the transition, and in any judgements in cases pending from before the ultimate departure.
Barnier is in talks with EU member states to draw up a negotiating mandate for a trade agreement to control cross-Channel commercial ties after the transition.
This will then be hammered out with UK officials within the same way as Europe’s trade agreements with other third countries, like Canada or Singapore.
Barnier will unveil the goals of his draft negotiating parameters on Monday, but EU leaders have already warned that Britain won’t enjoy the advantages of membership outside the bloc.