Infant CPR: Babies can experience cardiac arrest due to any severe injury or illness or sometimes, it could be due to any unexposed heart disease. In such conditions, doctors perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as an emergency procedure to save the baby. The infant CPR procedure involves chest compressions and rescue breaths. Infant CPR age range starts from newborn up to 12 months from the time babies are born. It is essential that you go through this blog and learn the infant CPR procedure because situations cannot be predicted.
It is important and necessary that as a parent, you learn it for your own child defense or help someone else’s baby. There are many clinical institutions that provide infant CPR classes to attend and learn by practice. If you cannot attend the class, there are several infant CPR videos released by doctors for your benefit. With the help of infant CPR video, you can save the life of your child. Let us take a look at how to get trained in infant CPR.
Precautions before initiating an infant CPR
Ensure that the following checklist in place before you proceed with performing the CPR procedure in an infant.
- Check whether the environment around the child is safe and then check the condition of the child. Tap the child on its shoulder and shout at its ear to check whether the child is able to respond back to you by crying.
- In case you could not find any response from the child, call the emergency ambulance service immediately.
- Till the emergency service arrives, open all the air-through windows and doors so that the child gets sufficient air.
- If your child is lying on its back, tilt the head back and lift the chin up.
- Check if your child is breathing; you should be able to hear the breathing at least for 10 seconds continuously. Note that occasional gasps are not breathing, so do not be cheated.
- As first aid, you can give 2 rescue breaths to your child in case it is not breathing at all. Even after rescue breaths, your child is not responding, then immediately you have to initiate the CPR procedure.
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Steps to perform an infant CPR
Follow these steps carefully while you are intending to perform CPR in a child.
Step 1: To check whether the baby is responding, flick your fingers against the baby’s feet. If the baby is not responding, then call someone nearby to help you calling emergency services before you proceed onto the next step. In case you do not have anyone to support, you can perform the following steps for 2 minutes as first aid.
Step 2: Check whether the baby is conscious but choking, initiate the first aid before you do CPR. In case the baby continues to cough or choke, let it continue doing that as it is a good sign that its airways are only partially blocked.
Step 3: If the baby is not doing any sort of activity, then turn the baby and make it lie on the stomach by holding it with one of your hands. Now pat on the back of the baby multiple times so that the chest thrusts to release the blocks in its airways.
Step 4: Ensure the baby’s pulse is not down. Check its breathing again by placing your middle and index fingers inside the baby’s arm, between the elbow and the shoulder. If the baby’s pulse is up and is breathing still, move its body to the recovery position. Make the baby lie on its right side as the heart is on the left side.
If the baby does not breathe or contain pulse beats, then get ready to perform CPR which is a combination of compressions and breaths. This is how you diagnose the condition of the baby and give first aid.
Step 5: Softly lift the baby’s head back and the chin up to open the airway that has been blocked. The airway is too small so you need not panic about the consequences. Now check the baby’s breathing again but not more than 10 seconds, otherwise, air fills into the baby’s chest which may lead its life to risk.
Step 6: At this stage, the baby requires two rescue breaths. To do this, first, cover the baby’s face with a shield so that you can avoid the exchange of fluids. Now pinch the nozzles slightly, turn the baby’s head back and push the chin slightly up and then give two rescue breaths each lasting for a second at least. Inhale and exhale gently until the chest of the baby starts rising. Too much inhales and exhales can lead to injury to the baby.
- Remember to give a one-second gap between each breath for air to let go.
- In case the baby does not breathe even after rescue breaths then it may be choking.
Step 7: Check the brachial pulse of the baby and in case there is no response, now perform the following procedure. With two or three fingers placed together on the baby’s chest, press in the middle right below the nipples, for 30 times gently.
In case your fingers are tired enough to do it 30 times continuously, then use the other hand with following the same procedure because you cannot afford to leave a gap at this stage.
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Perform at least 100 compressions a minute because the baby if not responding for the first compression can respond to the second one. Press down a half or one-third deep of the baby’s chest so that it works effectively.
Step 8: Repeat all these steps until you see a positive sign from the baby.
Infant CPR can be performed only if you are a certified trainer. It is not a DIY procedure that you can perform as simple. You have institutions that provide training on infant CPR but you need not be necessarily a medical person to get certified. Hoping this blog was informative and helpful as well.